Banana, basically a tropical crop, grows well during a temperature range of 15ºC – 35ºC with a ratio of 75-85%. It prefers tropical humid lowlands and is grown from the ocean level to an elevation of 2000m. above m.s.l.. In India, this crop is being cultivated in climates starting from humid tropical to dry mild subtropics through a variety of appropriate varieties. Chilling injury occurs at a temperature below 12ºC. The high velocity of wind exceeds 80 km /hr. damages the crop. Four months of monsoon (June to September) with a mean 650-750 mm. rainfall is most vital for vigorous vegetative growth of banana At higher altitudes, banana cultivation is restricted to a couple of varieties like ‘Hill banana”.

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